Boolean operators are words you can use between your search terms to either broaden or limit your search.
Use OR to broaden your search. For example, if you search advertising OR commercials, you will find articles that include both terms.
In contrast, use AND and NOT to narrow your search. For example, if you search advertising AND commercials, you will only find articles that include both terms.
And, if you search advertising NOT commercials, you will find articles that include the word advertising except for those that also include the term commercials. In Google, use a minus sign instead of NOT (e.g. advertising -commercials).
|Determine the key ideas and terms in your topic.||Example: I am interested in the challenges and benefits of being a bilingual university student|
|Think of synonyms or related terms.||"second language" / "first language"/ bilingual/ university / college|
|Select useful resources to search.||Databases > EBSCO's Academic Search or search Melyvl|
|Construct a search strategy. Start with keyword searching.||Many databases default to a keyword search field.|
|Look for a phrase, using quotation marks.||"second language"; "university student"|
|Join similar terms with OR||college OR university OR "higher education"|
|Join dissimilar terms with AND||
college AND bilingual
|Truncate a term (usually *)||Latin* (to search for Latinas, Latinos) Hispanic* (to search for Hispanic and Hispanics)|