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Critical Race & Ethnic Studies 100 (Myers): Connecting Keywords

Theories in Critical Race & Ethnic Studies

Group Activity

Construct a logical search using keywords we identified as a class.

Phrase Searching


" "

To search for specific phrases, enclose them in quotation marks. The database will search for those words together in that order.


racial bias

school discipline

high schools




Truncate a word in order to search for different forms of the same word. Many databases use the asterisk * as the truncation symbol.


Add the truncation symbol to the word teen* to search for teen, teens, teenager, teenagers, etc.

You do have to be careful with truncation. If you add the truncation symbol to the word minor*, the database will search for minor, minors, minority, minorities, etc.

Boolean Operators (AND/OR)



Join together search terms in a logical manner.

AND - narrows searches, used to join dissimilar terms
OR - broadens searches, used to join similar terms


race AND "school discipline"

“school discipline” OR "school suspension" OR "school punishment"

school discipline” OR "school suspension" OR "school punishment"

Online Research: Tips for Effective Search Strategies