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Critical Race & Ethnic Studies 100 (Myers): Scholarly Articles

Theories in Critical Race & Ethnic Studies

What are Scholarly Articles?

Scholarly articles report on the results of research studies and are usually reviewed by experts in a process known as peer review before they are published in journals. Journals are scholarly publications containing articles written by researchers, professors, and other experts and are intended for an academic or technical audience.

Original / Empirical Articles

Original / empirical articles are based on an experiment or other sort of study, such as interviews, surveys, literacy analysis. In the sciences and social sciences, this type of article will have a methodology section that tells how the experiment was set up and conducted, a results or discussion section, and usually a conclusion section. In the arts and humanities, articles will read more like essays.

In describing the purpose of their study, authors will present a mini literature review to discuss how previous research has led up to their original research project.

Also called:

  • primary research article/source
  • primary literature article
  • empirical research article

Types of Scholarly Articles

VCU Libraries (3:25)

Scholarly articles can be original / empirical studies, reviews of several studies, or theoretical studies.

Revew Articles

Review articles are written to bring together and summarize the results/conclusions from multiple original research articles/studies. This type of article will not usually have a methodology section, and they generally have very extensive bibliographies.

There are several types.

  • Narrative: a literature review that describes and discusses the state of the science of a specific topic or theme.
  • Systematic: a comprehensive review of all relevant studies on a particular topic/question. The systematic review is created by following an explicit methodology for identifying/selecting the studies to include and evaluating their results.
  • Meta-Analysis: the statistical procedure for combining data from multiple studies. This is usually, but not always, presented with a systematic review. 

Group Poll

Is this article an original article or a review article?

Original: 1 votes (20%)
Review: 4 votes (80%)
Total Votes: 5

How do you know?