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Writing 116 (Gautreau)

Writing in the Natural Sciences (WRI 116)

Disciplines & Citation Styles

So Many Styles!

Numerous citations styles are available for the sciences.  When writing, your choice of citation style may be influenced by your discipline, professor preference, or later on -- the style required by a journal publisher.

Common Styles by Disciplines

Biology - Council of Science Editors (CSE)

Computer Science, Engineering, Information Technology - Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

Chemistry - American Chemical Society (ACS), chp. 14

Mathematics - American Mathematical Society (AMS)

Medicine - American Medical Association (AMA) or National Library of Medicine (NLM)

Physics - American Institute of Physics (AIP)

Variation with a Style

Some citation styles also have variations within the style. For instance, in CSE you select from 1) citation-sequence 2) citation-name or 3) name-year conventions.

Bibilographic Citation Managers

Bibliographic citation managers allows users to select a citation style of their choice and apply it to their citations.  These tools also have write and cite capability.


See below for a screenshot from RefWorks highlighting the thousands of citation styles available.

screenshot from RefWorks, searching available citation styles