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Writing for Engineering 119 (Bultena)

Researching Information Tools in Engineering

Standards: Definition & Examples

Standard: aka industry standards, consensus standards

  • a document outlining specifications or characteristics for products or processes
  • purposes include ensuring compatibility, interoperability, and safety protections
  • approved by an organization/association/standardization body e.g. a technical committee.
  • established by consensus

Standard: defined by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) The ISO publishes standards for areas related to technology and business.

Standard: defined by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)

Example of a Standard: IEEE Recommended Practice for Radar Cross-Section Test Procedures (available in IEEE Xplore)

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

ISO develops and publishes international standards

  • comprised of 160+ national standards bodies
  • numerous technical committees (TCs)
  • over 22,000 standards
  • standards can be superseded (historical) or active (current)

ISO Online Browsing Platform

  • select Standards
  • Sample search: sensor tractors

Standards Catalogue

  • Browse by ICS or TC
  • Search (upper right) for standards, news, or documents

ICS = International Classification for Standards

  • hierachical classification
  • managed by ISO
  • Level 1: 40 fields of activity (2 digits)
  • Level 2: 392 more group (3 digits)
  • Level 3: 090 sub-groups [for less than have of Level 2 groups] (2 digits)

TC = Technical Committee

News in ISO will often connect to a specific technical committee or standard.

About ISO and Benefits of Standards

Standards - Finding

Journal - focus on standardization

Engineering Handbooks