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Critical Race & Ethnic Studies 110 (Myers)

Methods in Critical Race & Ethnic Studies


This four step process is outlined in Mike Caulfield's Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers

1. Make use of existing fact checking sites.

  • Snopes - fact-check hoaxes (independent entity, founded by David Mikkelsen)
  • Politifact - fact-check U.S. politics (project of the Tampa Bay Times, a company owned by The Poynter Institute)
  • - fact-check politics (project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania)
  • Quote Investigator - fact-check the origin of quotes (investigative work of Garson O'Toole)

See more reputable fact-checking sites from Mike Caulfield's Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers.

2. Find original sources by using links. 

While not all sources may link back to their original sources, many of them do.  Mike Caulfield calls this "going upstream

3. Find out what other sites say about this site.  Mike Caulfield refers to this as "reading laterally".

These two sites are helpful in finding out more about news sources.

  • Media Bias Fact Check (MBFC News)  At the Search page, type in a news publication, e.g. CNN, under Dedicated Media Search.   MBFC provide information on both bias (least biased, left-center bias, right-center bias, left bias, right bias, and extreme) and level of factual reporting.  to learn more about its reporting and bias. MBFC explains how it determines bias in its Methodology section.
  • AllSides  Select Media Bias > Media Bias Ratings to search for a news source.  Each news source classifies news sources into categories: center, lean left bias, lean right bias, left bias and right bias. AllSides determines its bias ratings through blind surveys, third party data, and community feedback. AllSides also features news on specific issues from the center, right, and left.  

4. Stuck? Circle back to strategy 1.