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Digital Identity and Privacy: Examples

How some people found out their data was being used in unsuspected ways.

- ACLU shares current topics on privacy and security.  https://www.aclu.org/issues/national-security/privacy-and-surveillance

- Man receives coupons in the mail.  The mailing label says "Daughter Killed in Car Crash" below his name.  (https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/01/20/mike-seay-officemax-lette_n_4632822.html) Apparently the third party vendor that sends out the coupons had that information on file somewhere.  It was part of the public record.  

-A father received a book of coupons from Target with ads for baby clothes and other infant supplies.  After confronting the local Target manager he found out that his teenage daughter was pregnant.(https://www.forbes.com/sites/kashmirhill/2012/02/16/how-target-figured-out-a-teen-girl-was-pregnant-before-her-father-did/#70a2387d6668)  Based on other purchases Target can determine whether or not a customer is pregnant with 87% accuracy. (http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/19/magazine/shopping-habits.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1&hp)

-Posts on Strava, a running and mountain biking app, lead to a city council banning mountain bikers on certain trails becasue of their speeds. (https://www.outsideonline.com/2101566/surprising-ways-your-fitness-data-really-being-used)

(In)Famous Breaches

Mirai Botnet (2017) - Hackers used explots in IoT devices like the Amazon Echo to create a "botnet" or army of machines all attacking one target at the same time with great success. 

https://static.googleusercontent.com/media/research.google.com/en//pubs/archive/46301.pdf

https://krebsonsecurity.com/tag/mirai-botnet/

Equifax (2016) - Personal and banking information of about 143 million people was stolen from Equifax servers. Interestingly, the breach was concealed for a number of months and mitigation after the fact was not handled well. 

 https://www.theverge.com/2017/9/7/16270808/equifax-data-breach-us-identity-theft

Ashley Madison (2014) - A group gained access to the sites user base and threatened to release it if the site wasn't shut down. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashley_Madison_data_breach

Stuxnet (2010) - A malicious worm targeting high level industrial equipment, specifically Iran's nuclear infrastructure. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stuxnet