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Writing 114 (Hothem): Article Types

Overview

Scholarly journals contain more than one type of article. In one issue of a journal, such as this issue of Nature, you may find original research articles, review articles, letters to the editor, book reviews, and more. When browsing articles in databases or in paper journals, keep the following questions in mind:

  • What is this piece's purpose?
  • Is this an original research article?
  • Does this article summarize the original research of others?
  • Why is this material included in the journal?

Scholarly Articles - Key Article Types

scholarly articles

Research vs. Review Articles

Original Research Article Example

Original research articles are based on an experiment or study.  The authors will report the purpose of the study, the research methodology, and results. This is a familiar structure for original research articles > IMRAD: introduction, methods, results, and discussion.

Example: Asta, M. P., Beller, H. R., & O'Day, P. A. (2020). Anaerobic dissolution rates of U (IV)-oxide by abiotic and nitrate-dependent bacterial pathways. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2020, 54, 13, 8010–8021.

Example: Fox, N. S., Veneracion, J. J., & Blois, J. L. (2020). Are geometric morphometric analyses replicable? Evaluating landmark measurement error and its impact on extant and fossil Microtus classification. Ecology and evolution, 10(7), 3260-3275.

Review Article Example