Open Educational Resources (OER), Hewlett Foundation Definition:
OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain
or are released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and repurposing by others
OER can refer to textbooks, full curriculums, supplemental course materials, teaching materials, test and question banks, and more that a free to use, modify and redistribute. OER typically are digital resources made available through a Creative Commons Copyright License.
When using OER, all students have access to course materials before day 1 of class.
Students enrolled in courses using OERs perform equally as well or better in terms of course completion and passing rates.
Flexibility is a key concept in OER. Materials can be adapted and customized to match the teaching style of the professor and match the learning needs of students.
OERs positively impact student success by removing financial barriers to obtaining educational materials, countering the negative effects of high textbook costs. In 2016, over 22,000 students surveyed as part of the Florda Virtual Campus Student Textbook Survey reported: