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Topic Pages - People and Places
Hebrew lawgiver, probably b. Egypt. The prototype of the prophets, he led his people in the 13th cent. B.C. out of bondage in Egypt to the edge...
Heb. Yerushalayim, Arab. Al Quds, city (1994 pop. 578,800), capital of Israel. It is situated on a ridge 2,500 ft (760 m) high that lies...
In Judaism, a place of worship...
Topic Pages - Scripture
Christian name for the Hebrew Bible, which serves as the first division of the Christian Bible (see New Testament). The designations...
In Judaism, the first five books of the Tenakh, or Hebrew Bible (Christian Old Testament)...
Dead Sea Scrolls
Ancient leather and papyrus scrolls first discovered in 1947 in caves on the NW shore of the Dead Sea. Most of the documents were written or...
Topic Pages - Holidays and Events
In Judaism, an eight-day festival of dedication and lights that takes place at the beginning of...
In Judaism, one of the most important and elaborate of religious festivals. Its celebration begins on the evening of the 14th of Nisan (first...
Ceremonial meal that begins the Jewish festival of Pesach (Passover), which celebrates the Exodus. The order of...
Two-day religious observance that marks the start of the Jewish New Year (first new moon...
Jewish high holy day, or ‘day of awe’, held on the tenth day of Tishri (September-October), the first month of...
In Judaism, initiation of a boy, which takes place at the age of 13, into the adult Jewish community...
Topic Pages - Divisions
Liberal Jewish movement. Reform communities vary, but tend to question the authority of the Talmud (Jewish laws). Reform Jews deny...