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Writing 10 (Memmott): Connecting Keywords

College Reading & Composition

Boolean Operators (AND/OR)

 

AND, OR

Join together search terms in a logical manner.

AND - narrows searches, used to join dissimilar terms
OR - broadens searches, used to join similar terms

Examples:

#1
"racial bias" AND "school disipline"

#2
“school discipline” OR "school suspension" OR "school punishment"

#3
school discipline” OR "school suspension" OR "school punishment"
AND
"racial bias"

Phrase Searching

 

" "

To search for specific phrases, enclose them in quotation marks. The database will search for those words together in that order.

Examples:

racial bias

school discipline

high schools

Online Research: Tips for Effective Search Strategies

Truncation

 

TRUNCATION

Truncate a word in order to search for different forms of the same word. Many databases use the asterisk * as the truncation symbol.

Example:

Add the truncation symbol to the word teen* to search for teen, teens, teenager, teenagers, etc.

You do have to be careful with truncation. If you add the truncation symbol to the word minor*, the database will search for minor, minors, minority, minorities, etc.