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Writing 101 (Webb): Citing in APA

Writing in the Disciplines: Psychology

Key Characteristics

APA style features in-text parenthetical citations, with a focus on author/date & a corresponding Reference page.

In-Text Citations

In-Text Citations: The Basics (OWL Purdue)
In-Text Citations: Author/Authors (OWL Purdue)
When and How to Include Page Numbers in APA Style Citations (APA Blog)
Citing References in Text (Basics of APA Style Tutorial)

  • elements include author's last name, year of publication, and page number(s)
  • elements are separated by commas
    • Example:  (Arnold, 2015, p. 378)
  • a direct quote requires a page number preceded by p.
    • Example: ... as the "individuals pronounced vocally and fearlessly" (Smith, 2016, p. 201)
  • page numbers are still encouraged for summary & paraphrase, though not necessary
    • Example: (Goriava & Woodland, 2017)
  • author's name may be excluded if found in the introductory text
    • Example: Patel (2013) found that .... " " (p. 67)
  • p. used for page; pp. used for multiple pages
    • Example: (Ramble, 2014, pp. 45-49)
  • works by two authors use the ampersand (&) in the parentheses
    • Example: (Goriava & Woodland, 2017)

Reference List

Reference List: Basic Rules (OWL Purdue)
Reference List: Author/Authors (OWL Purdue)

  • has the title of References, centered at the top
  • includes hanging indents after the first line for each entry
  • is organized alphabetically by the last name of the first author
  • gives initials to first names of authors
  • italicizes book and journal titles
  • capitalizes the first word (and the first word after a colon) of a journal article title
  • capitalizes all major words in journal titles

Capturing Citation Information from PsycInfo & PsycArticles

Select the item(s) you want. 

  1. Click Cite
  2. Select the Citation Style from the drop down menu.
  3. Click Change.
  4. Copy the citation(s) or email to yourself etc.

Cite in Proquest Platform