It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Create citations for your Works Cited page using this template with its elements. Your citation may not include ALL elements. You may also repeat elements 3-9 depending on whether or not your source stands on its own or it is part of one or more containers.
Order of Elements
Element & Punctuation Following the Element
Title of source.
Title of container,
.... book, journal, database
Translators or Editors
Vol. and/or No.
Refers to page numbers (pp.) NOT to a place of publication (unless deemed necessary), could refer to a DOI or database URL for an article
If an element is missing, move on.
If your source is in one or more containers, you will repeat some elements starting back at element #3.
Only use a period after the Author element and the Location element; all other elements are followed by a comma.
Stand Alone Source vs. Source in a Container
Example: a book is considered a self contained/stand alone source (one container)
Example: a chapter in a book would be one container (chapter) within another container (the full book)
Example: a journal article would be container 1, found in a journal (container 2) which may be in a database (container 3)
great examples of using the template to build citations in MLA style 8th ed.
These examples, using MLA 8th ed., illustrate the order of information you should include and do not include hanging indents or double spacing. To see sample references on a Works Cited page, view the MLA Sample Paper at Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL).
MLA Style, 8th Edition: An Introduction
~4:30 provides a really good explanation of source and containers starting about 50 seconds in (Marquette University Libraries)
Understanding MLA Style - 8th edition
~11 minutes, provides the logic behind the new style and many examples (Kyle Stedman)