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Writing 100 (Deboard): Article Types

Advanced Writing

Scholarly vs. Popular

Often you will be asked to include peer-reviewed literature in your writing.  Fortunately, many databases include a Scholarly/Peer-Reviewed/Academic Journal limiter to help you determine is an article is indeed peer reviewed. 

Information is listed below to describe peer review and to assist you in recognizing peer-reviewed literature.

Peer Review in 3 Minutes

North Carolina State University (NCSU) Libraries, 3:15

  1. What do peer reviewers do?  How are they similar to or different from editors?
  2. Who are the primary customers of scholarly journals?
  3. Do databases only include peer-reviewed articles?  How do you know?

Scholarly Articles - Key Article Types

scholarly articles

Original Research Vs. Review

Within research articles, you may find original research articles which are a study or experiment with a hypothesis. 

  • authors will report the purpose of the study, the research methodology, and results 
  • particularly predominant in medical and psychology literature
  • may follow the IMRAD format: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion

Some databases allow you to narrow to original research.  For example in PsycInfo, you can choose to search for articles based on a specific methodology e.g. Empirical Study or in PubMed you can choose to Limit to Clinical Trials.

Non-original research articles include reviews. 

  • summarize or synthesize content from earlier published research
  • useful for surveying the literature on a specific research area
  • useful for identifying trends or gaps in the research

Original Research or Review? Mystery Article #1

Examine this article and determine if it is original research or a review.

Does personality affect dietary intake?

Original Research or Review? Mystery Article #2

Examine this article and determine if it is original research or a review.

Gender differences in implicit and explicit personality traits